George Washington

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President: George Washington (1st president)
Famous for: Being the first president, chopping down a cherry tree
Age at inauguration: 57
Life expectancy: 65 (because he had survived past 40 — in the 1700s, life expectancy at birth was 40, but then would increase to about 65 if people lived into their fifth decade)
Age at death: 67
Known illnesses: Tuberculosis, diphtheria, malaria
Cause of death: Probably a throat infection, though the bloodletting and enema certainly didn’t help
Thomas Jefferson

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President: Thomas Jefferson (3rd president)
Famous for: Writing the Constitution, being an inventor as well as a statesman
Age at inauguration: 57
Life expectancy: 65 (for the same reasons mentioned above — evidently he had a healthy youth)
Age at death: 83
Known illnesses: rheumatism, urinary tract blockage, bowel problems
Cause of death: Unknown, but he was one sick guy. Amazing that he lived to such a ripe old age (except that he was healthy until his decline, and he was rich).
Andrew Jackson

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President: Andrew Jackson (7th president)
Famous for: Letting his friends wear dirty boots in the White House
Age at inauguration: 61
Life expectancy: 67 (if people survived past 40, expectancy rose to about 67 by the early 1800s)
Age at death: 78
Known illnesses: Chronic tuberculosis, dropsy (what they used to call congestive heart failure), a bullet in his chest
Cause of death: Ultimately, heart failure
James Polk

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President: James Polk (11th president)
Famous for: Expanding the U.S. border to the Pacific Ocean
Age at inauguration: 49
Life expectancy: 67 (if people survived past 40, expectancy rises to about 67; see above)
Age at death: 53
Known illnesses: Anecdotes speak of his weight loss and general ill health toward the end of his one-term presidency
Cause of death: Cholera
Millard Fillmore

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President: Millard Fillmore (13th president)
Famous for: Being consistently included in Bottom 10 rankings of presidents
Age at inauguration: 50
Life expectancy: 40 (though survival past age 40 upped expectancy to between 65 and 70)
Age at death: 74
Known illnesses: This guy was remarkably healthy
Cause of death: Stroke
Abraham Lincoln

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President: Abraham Lincoln (16th president)
Famous for: Pushing through the 13th Amendment, which outlawed slavery in the U.S.
Age at inauguration: 52
Life expectancy: 40 (except for that living past 40 meant you had a good chance of surviving until 70)
Age at death: 56
Known illnesses: Malaria, smallpox, frostbite, perhaps syphilis, perhaps multiple endocrine neoplasia (which would have caused his death before he turned 60, most likely), perhaps clinical depression. Lincoln does not seem healthy enough to have lived a long life if John Wilkes Booth had not shot him.
Cause of death: Assassination
Grover Cleveland

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President: Grover Cleveland (22nd president)
Famous for: Being overweight, championing Buffalo, N.Y.
Age at inauguration: 47
Life expectancy: 40 (but surviving past that age gave people a good chance of living to 65-70)
Age at death: 71
Known illnesses: Cancer of the jaw, nephritis, obesity, typhoid (which almost killed him when he was 18)
Cause of death: Heart attack
Theodore Roosevelt

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President: Theodore Roosevelt (26th president)
Famous for: Speaking softly, carrying a big stick
Age at inauguration: 42
Life expectancy: 65-70 (if one remained healthy past 40)
Age at death: 60
Known illnesses: Bronchial asthma, accidents that caused many broken bones, quinine resistant malaria
Cause of death: Probably a blood clot in his lungs
Franklin D. Roosevelt

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President: Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Famous for: The New Deal, being elected to office four times
Age at inauguration: 51
Life expectancy: 65 to 70 (if he survived past 40)
Age at death: 63
Known illnesses: Polio (or perhaps Guillaine-Barré syndrome)
Cause of death: Cerebral hemorrhage
John F. Kennedy

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President: John F. Kennedy (35th president)
Famous for: His charm and good looks, the Cuban missile crisis
Age at inauguration: 43
Life expectancy: Above 65 (if he had been healthy)
Age at death: 46
Known illness: Addison’s disease, colitis, osteoporosis, high cholesterol, often suffered severe pain and took many medications
Cause of death: Assassination — people speculate that with all his illnesses, Kennedy would not have lived to a ripe old age.
Ronald Reagan

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President: Ronald Reagan (40th president)
Famous for: “Mr. Gorbachev: Tear down this wall.”
Age at inauguration: 69
Life expectancy: 65 (notice he was older than JFK, so he had a shorter life expectancy)
Age at death: 93
Known illnesses: Near-sightedness, prostate stones, Alzheimer’s disease
Cause of death: Pneumonia
Hillary Clinton

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Presidential candidate: Hillary Clinton
Famous for: Trying to shatter the glass ceiling
Age she would be at her inauguration, if elected: 69
Known illnesses: Nothing chronic
Life expectancy: 86
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